Beetroot Powder, Beta vulgaris, is from the Amaranthaceae family and is related to the ancient grain amaranth. The beetroot is the taproot of the beet plant and the taproot is the central dominant root from which other roots sprout laterally. Typically the taproot is straight, very thick and tapers in shape while growing directly downward. In this country, this plant is known as beet, garden beet, golden beet, red beet, sugarbeet or table beet. It may be spelled as both beet root or beetroot.
The Beetroot, both red and white, were domesticated in Italy by selectively breeding wild beets native to the coasts of the Mediterranean sea. Other early horticulturists hybridized other beet-like types (especially chard) to produce the wide range of colors and shapes found in table beets today.