Allspice, Pimenta dioica (formerly Pimenta officinalis), is closely related to clove, eucalyptus, guava and the bay rum tree. Allspice is the only spice that is grown exclusively in the Western Hemisphere. It is native to the Caribbean (Jamaica), Mexico, Central America (Belize, Guatemala, Honduras) and South America (Brazil, Leeward Isle).
Allspice has 1.5%-5% essential oil that is mostly composed of phenols. This essential oil is colorless to a reddish yellow color, depending on where and how the allspice is grown.
Allspice is called bahar halu (Arabic), duo xiang guo (Mandarin), toute-epice, poivre de Jamaique (French), piment neugewurz, nelkenpfeffer (German), orusupaisu (Japanese), pimento de Jamaica (Portuguese), and pimiento de Jamaica (Spanish). It’s also known colloquially as Jamaica pepper, clove pepper or myrtle pepper.