Lemongrass, Cymbopogon flexuosus, is a member of the Poaceae family (grass family). Lemongrass is widely used as a culinary herb in Asian cuisines, as a medicinal herb in India and as a tea in Latin American countries (most notably Mexico) and African countries such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Togo. Native to India, Sri Lanka, Burma and Thailand, Lemongrass has a subtle yet complex lemony aroma with hints of ginger.
Its lemon character is due to its essential oil (.2% to .5%) which consists primarily of citral (80%-85%). Further terpenoids in lemongrass oil are nerol, limonene, linalool and caryophyllene.
Lemon Grass is called hashisha al limun (Arabic), chao jiang, xiang mao cao, (Mandarin), verveinedes Indes (French), zitronengras (German), sera (Hindi), remonsou (Japanese), erva cedeira, capim-santo (Portuguese), limonnoe sorgo (Russian) and zacate de limon, hierbe de citron, hierbe de Limón (Spanish).
Lemongrass is also known as Cochin grass, Indian verbena or Java Citronella. May be spelled as both Lemongrass and Lemon Grass.