One of the oldest in the history of spices, this tiny seed is full of flavor, crunch, and even health benefits. The scientific name for sesame seed is Sesamum indicum. The name sesame seed comes from the Greek word sesamon. It is used frequently in Middle Eastern, Asian, Mediterranean, and northern African cooking. You will find that sesame oil is an extremely important ingredient for some countries, with Japan being the country with the highest interest in importing the oil.
Sesame seeds have 45-65% fixed oil which is predominantly made up of olein. There is no volatile oil content in sesame seeds.
Some other names for sesame seed include, “juljulan” in Arabic, “zi mah” in Mandarin, “till” in French, “sesam” in German, “gingili” or “til” Hindi, “goma” in Japanese, “gergelim” in Portuguese, “kunzhut” in Russian, and “ajonjoli” in Spanish.